Nanoparticles for Textiles

CD Bioparticles is a leading manufacturer and supplier of a range of nano-products in the medical field, including metal nanostructures, biomolecules, biopolymers & synthetic polymers, nanotextiles, and lipid systems, for development and commercialization in a variety of applications. In addition, we can offer a wide range of customized services, including nanoparticles formulations for textiles, bioparticles analysis and characterization, and targeting strategies. We are committed to providing the most comprehensive product list and customized analysis and synthesis services for academic and industrial researchers and developers around the world.

Antimicrobial textilesFigure 1. Antimicrobial textiles: Biogenic silver nanoparticles against Candida and Xanthomonas.
(Daniela Ballottin,et al.; 2017)

Nanotextiles, also known as nanofibrous textiles or nanofiber-based textiles, refer to fabrics or materials that have been enhanced or modified at the nanoscale level using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology involves manipulating materials and structures at the nanometer scale, which is on the order of billionths of a meter. By incorporating nanoparticles or nanofibers into textiles, nanotextiles exhibit unique properties and functionalities that traditional textiles cannot achieve.

Nanoparticles in Textiles

Nanotextiles can be produced through various methods, including electrospinning, nanoparticle coating, blending, in situ synthesis, and other nanofabrication techniques. These methods allow for the creation of nanofibers or nanoparticles that can be integrated into textile materials, either by blending them with conventional fibers or by forming entirely new fabric structures:

  • Nanoparticle Coating: Nanoparticles can be coated onto the surface of textile fibers using techniques such as dip coating, spray coating, or electrostatic deposition.
  • Blending: Nanoparticles can be blended with polymer solutions before they are spun into fibers, creating composite materials with enhanced properties.
  • Electrospinning: Electrospinning is a method that produces nanofibers by electrostatically charging a polymer solution. Nanoparticles can be mixed into the solution before electrospinning to create nanofiber-based textiles.
  • In Situ Synthesis: Some nanoparticles can be synthesized directly onto the textile fibers through chemical reactions, creating a strong bond between the nanoparticles and the textile.

Benefits of Nanoparticles in Textiles:

  • Enhanced Strength and Durability: Nanoparticles can reinforce textile fibers, improving their mechanical properties such as tensile strength and abrasion resistance.
  • Advanced Functionalities: Nanoparticles can provide textiles with specialized functionalities like UV protection, flame resistance, antimicrobial properties, and water repellency.
  • Smart Textiles: Nanoparticles with responsive properties can be integrated into textiles, allowing them to change color, conductivity, or other characteristics in response to external stimuli.
  • Drug Delivery: Nanoparticles can be used to encapsulate drugs within textiles, enabling controlled release for applications like transdermal drug delivery and wound healing.
  • Electromagnetic Shielding: Certain nanoparticles can provide electromagnetic shielding, making textiles suitable for applications in electronics and communication.
  • Thermal and Electrical Conductivity: Nanoparticles like carbon nanotubes can enhance the thermal and electrical conductivity of textiles, enabling applications in wearable electronics and heating elements.
  • Filtration: Nanoparticles can improve the filtration capabilities of textiles, making them useful for air and water purification, as well as protective clothing in hazardous environments.
  • Energy Storage: Nanoparticles can enable energy storage capabilities in textiles, making them potential components of flexible and lightweight energy storage devices.
  • Environmental Sensing: Nanoparticles can turn textiles into sensors that detect changes in environmental conditions, offering applications in monitoring and personal health.
  • Biomedical Applications: Nanoparticles can be used in medical textiles for wound dressings, tissue engineering scaffolds, and implant coatings due to their biocompatibility and controlled release capabilities.

The Application Nanoparticles in Textiles

The convergence of nanotechnology and textile engineering has paved the way for groundbreaking advancements in the field of drug development. The integration of nanoparticles into textiles offers a novel approach to enhance drug delivery methods, revolutionizing the way medications are administered, absorbed, and released within the body. This interdisciplinary innovation holds immense promise in improving therapeutic outcomes, patient compliance, and overall healthcare efficiency.

  • Nanoparticle-Embedded Textiles
    Nanoparticles are tiny particles with dimensions on the nanometer scale, and their incorporation into textiles creates a synergistic platform that combines the benefits of both fields. These nanoparticles can be engineered to encapsulate drugs, thereby forming smart textiles that release medications in a controlled and targeted manner. By tailoring the size, shape, and surface properties of nanoparticles, researchers can achieve specific drug release profiles, increasing bioavailability and reducing potential side effects.
  • Electrospinning Technology
    Electrospinning is a widely used technique to fabricate nanofibers from polymer solutions. When coupled with drug-loaded nanoparticles, electrospun nanofibers can create textiles with high surface area-to-volume ratios, facilitating enhanced drug loading and controlled release. These nanofibrous textiles can be used in wound dressings, surgical implants, and transdermal drug delivery systems. Electrospinning also allows for the incorporation of therapeutic agents like growth factors and antimicrobial agents, making it a versatile approach in regenerative medicine and wound healing.
  • Microneedle Patches
    Microneedles are microscopic needles that penetrate the skin's outer layer, enabling painless and efficient drug delivery directly into the bloodstream or underlying tissues. Incorporating nanoparticles into these microneedles can further optimize drug release. Microneedle patches provide several advantages, such as reduced invasiveness, improved patient compliance, and the potential for self-administration. They are particularly useful for delivering vaccines, insulin, and other biologics.
  • Transdermal Drug Delivery
    Nanoparticle-infused textiles can also facilitate transdermal drug delivery, where medications are absorbed through the skin. This method offers a non-invasive route of drug administration, eliminating the need for injections or oral medications. Nanoparticles can increase drug permeation through the skin's barrier, allowing controlled and sustained release. This approach is especially valuable for delivering pain-relieving medications, hormone therapies, and treatments for skin disorders.
  • Responsive Textiles
    Advancements in nanotechnology enable the development of "smart" textiles that respond to specific physiological cues. For instance, nanoparticles can be engineered to release drugs in response to changes in pH, temperature, or enzymatic activity within the body. This level of responsiveness ensures that medications are delivered precisely when and where they are needed most, optimizing therapeutic outcomes.

Our Featured Services

CD Bioparticles focuses on the development of nanoparticles and utilizes our core technology to customize nanoparticles for various medical applications. With our high-quality products and services, the development and research efficiency of your nano products can be greatly improved. We provide custom synthesis of nanoparticles for the textile industry. Customers can select material type, particle size, size distribution and surface functionality. We enable you to generate new insights and breakthroughs in nanotextiles. Furthermore, the method for developing nanoparticle formulations for the production of nanotextiles is simple, scalable, and reproducible, ultimately suitable for large-scale production.


  1. Fernandes M, et al.; Polysaccharides and Metal Nanoparticles for Functional Textiles: A Review. Nanomaterials (Basel). 2022, 12(6):1006.
  2. Aguda ON, Lateef A. Recent advances in functionalization of nanotextiles: A strategy to combat harmful microorganisms and emerging pathogens in the 21st century. Heliyon. 2022, 8(6):e09761.
  3. Wu S, et al.; State-of-the-art review of advanced electrospun nanofiber yarn-based textiles for biomedical applications. Appl Mater Today. 2022, 27:101473.
  4. Daniela Ballottin, et al.; Antimicrobial textiles: Biogenic silver nanoparticles against Candida and Xanthomonas. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2017, Volume 75, Pages 582-589
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